The definition of mental illness remains elusive and is usually based up on what constitutes socially accepted behavior norms. For example behavior that is normal in one culture may be considered abnormal in another culture.
Mental illness, also called mental health disorders, refers to a wide range of mental health conditions disorders that affect your mood, thinking and behavior.
Examples of mental illness include depression, anxiety disorders, schizophrenia, eating disorders and addictive behaviors. Many people have mental health concerns from time to time.
Major criteria for the diagnosis of mental illness (Psychosis)
The criteria for psychosis include-
- Bizarre behavior
- Abnormal experience
- Loss of reality contact
- Lack of insight
Comparative characteristics of a mentally healthy and a mentally ill person-
|MENTAL HEALTH||MENTAL ILLNESS|
|Accepts self and others||
|Ability to cope or tolerate stress. Can return to normal functioning if temporarily disturbed||
|Ability to form close and lasting relationships||Inability to establish a meaningful relationship|
|Uses sound judgment to make decisions||Displays poor judgment|
|Accepts responsibility for actions||Irresponsibility or inability to accept responsibility for actions|
|Recognizes limitations (abilities and deficiencies)||Does not recognize limitations (abilities and deficiencies)|
|Can function effectively and independently||Exhibits dependency needs because of feelings of inadequacy|
|Able to perceive imagined circumstances from reality||Inability to perceive reality|
|Able to develop potential and talents to fullest extent||Does not recognize potential and talents due to a poor self-concept|
|Able to solve problems||Avoids problems rather than handling them or attempting to solve them|
|Can delay immediate gratification||Desires or demands immediate gratification|
| Mental health reflects a person’s approach to life by communicating emotions, giving and receiving. Working alone as well as with other, accepting authority, displaying a sense of humor, and coping successfully with emotional conflict.
||Mental illness reflects a person’s inability to cope with stress, resulting in disruption, disorganization, inappropriate reactions, unacceptable behavior and the inability to respond according to his expectations and the demands of society.|