COVID-19 Important Question's

The World Health Organization (WHO) declared the outbreak of novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) as a pandemic on March 11, 2020. 

Q.1 Covid-19 is caused by which virus?

  1.  Aichi virus
  2. SARS-CoV-2
  3. Human astrovirus
  4. Human rhinovirus

Ans-SARS-CoV-2

  • Explanation-The virus is now known as the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The disease it causes is called coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). In March 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic.

Q.2 Which country announces world’s first Covid-19 vaccine?

  1.  Russia
  2.  US
  3. Japans 
  4. India

Ans- Russia

  • Rational-11 Aug 2020 Russia announces world's first COVID-19 vaccine; Putin's daughter gets vaccinated.

Q.3 In a study, which cells are found in COVID-19 patients ‘bode well’ for long term immunity?

  1. T-Cell
  2. F-cell
  3. D-Cell
  4. Endothelial Cells

Ans- T-Cell

  • Rational-T cells found in coronavirus patients ‘bode well’ for long-term immunity.

Q.4 Name a clinical trial in which blood is transfused from recovered COVID-19 patients to a coronavirus patient who is in critical condition?

  1. Solidarity
  2. Plasma Therapy
  3. Remdesivir
  4. Hydroxychloroquine

Ans-Plasma Therapy

  • Rational-The process is based on obtaining plasma from patients recovered from COVID-19 in Colombia, and through a donation of plasma from the recovered, the subsequent transfusion of this to patients infected with coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Our group has reviewed the scientific evidence regarding the application of convalescent plasma for emergency viral outbreaks and has recommended the following protocol.

Q.5 How does Coronavirus transmit?

  1. If another person is nearby and inhales the droplets or touches these surfaces and further touches his face, eyes or mouth, he or she can get an infection.
  2. If the distance is less than 1 meter from the infected person.
  3. When a person sneezes or cough, droplets spread in the air or fall on the ground and nearby surfaces.
  4. All the above are correct.

Ans-All the above are correct.


Q.6 What happens to a person suffering from COVID-19?

  1. Around < 20% or a small proportion may need hospitalisation.
  2. Around 80% of the people will require no treatment as such and will recover on their own.
  3. A very small proportion basically suffering from chronic illness may need admission in an Intensive Care Unit (ICU).
  4. All the above are correct

Ans-All the above are correct

Q.7 In which age group the COVID-19 spreads?

  1. Coronavirus infection is mild in children.
  2. Older person and persons with pre-existing medical conditions are at high risk to develop serious illness.
  3. COVID-19 occur in all age groups.
  4. All the above are correct

Ans- All the above are correct

Q.8 What is Coronavirus?

  1.  It is a large family of viruses.
  2.  It belongs to the family of Nidovirus.
  3.  Both A and B are correct
  4.  None of these.

Ans- Both A and B are correct

  • Explanation-Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses and belong to the Nidovirus family or Nidovirales order, which includes Coronaviridae, Arteriviridae, and Roniviridae families. 

Q.9 World Health Organisation on 11 February, 2020 announced an official name for the disease that is causing the 2019 novel coronavirus outbreak? What is the new name of the disease?

  1. COVn-19
  2. COVID-19
  3. COVID-20
  4. COnVID-19

Ans- COVID-19

Q.10 The first case of novel coronavirus was identified in -------

  1. Indian 
  2. Shanghai
  3. Wuhan, Hubei
  4. Tianjin

Ans-Wuhan, Hubei

Q.11 Which of the following diseases are related to coronavirus?

  1. SARS
  2. MERS
  3. Both A and B
  4.  Neither A nor B

Ans-Both A and B

  • Rational-These infections can manifest as bronchitis, pneumonia, or a severe respiratory illness, such as severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), or coronavirus.

Q.12 Due to their crown-like projections.?

  1. Due to their leaf-like projections.
  2. Due to their surface structure of bricks. 
  3. Due to their crown-like projections.
  4. None of the above

Ans-Due to their crown-like projections.

  • Ratuonal-Due to their crown-like projections on the surfaces coronaviruses got their name. The virus resembles a crown when viewed under an electron microscope. “Corona” in Latin means “halo” or “crown”.

Q.13 What are the precautions that need to be taken to protect from the coronavirus?

  1. Add more garlic into your diet.
  2. Visit your doctor for antibiotics treatment
  3. Cover your nose and mouth when sneezing.
  4. Wash your hands after two time's in a day.

Ans-Cover your nose and mouth when sneezing.

Q.15 Which of the following statement is/are correct about Favipiravir?

  1. Glenmark Pharmaceuticals under the brand name FabiFlu has launched an antiviral drug Favipiravir.
  2. It is India’s first COVID-19 drug launched, priced at Rs 103 per tablet. 
  3. Favipiravir is an antiviral COVID-19 drug.
  4.  All the above are correct

Ans- All the above are correct

  • Rational-Favipiravir, also known as T-705 or Avigan, is an experimental antiviral drug being developed by Toyama Chemical of Japan with activity against many RNA viruses. Like some other experimental antiviral drugs (T-1105 and T-1106), it is a pyrazinecarboxamide derivative.
     

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