Anatomy and Physiology
Fundamentals of Nursing
Medical Surgical Nursing
Community Health Nursing
Previous Exam Questions
Fundamentals of Nursing Test - 15
Fundamentals of Nursing
Test - 15
1. The chamber of the heart that receives oxygenated blood from the lungs is.
2. Exchange of gases takes place in which of the following organ?
3. The nurse is ordered to administer ampicillin capsule TID p.o. The nurse should give the medication…
Two time a day by mouth
Three times a day orally
Two times a day before meals
Three times a day after meals
4. Another name for knee-chest position is:
5. A patient comes to the emergency department reporting a sore throat and earaches. The patient has a history of diverticulitis and emphysema with shortness of breath. Which route should the nurse use to obtain this patient's temperature?
6. A patient comes to the emergency department and reports pain in the hip. Which patient statement best reflects chronic pain rather than acute pain?
"Over-the-counter pain killers do not relieve the pain."
"All of a sudden I started having pain in my hip."
"This pain has been going on for several weeks."
"The pain feels like someone stuck me with a knife."
7. Which nursing assessment indicates a period of exacerbation?
"Patient status indicates an unexpected response."
"Patient reports long-standing joint pain from rheumatoid arthritis."
"Patient reports freedom from left shoulder pain after a cortisone injection for bursitis.
"Patient was admitted because of a recurrence of clinical manifestations of lymphoma."
8. A patient with moderate cognitive impairment who lives in an assisted living facility has been having more difficulty providing self-care over the past year. What intervention is most significant to ensure that the patient is receiving adequate nutrition?
Give the patient a liquid supplement between meals
Weigh the patient weekly.
Feed the patient meals.
Provide the patient with opportunities to choose foods that are preferred
9. A nurse plans to provide foot care for an older adult. What actions should the nurse include in this procedure?
Clean under nails with an orangewood stick while a foot is in the water
Dry each foot thoroughly, especially between the toes.
Push the cuticles back gently with a washcloth.
All of the above
10. Which skill should the nurse implement first when assessing a patient's abdomen?
11. A nurse is providing morning care to a hospitalized patient. Which statement by the nurse is most important before leaving the room after providing care?
"Is your room temperature comfortable?"
"Your lunch will be served at around noon."
"Would you like the door to your room closed?"
"Push your call bell if you need anything after I leave."
12. A 12-year-old child is receiving intravenous patientcontrolled analgesia postoperatively. The nurse teaches the child and parents about the trigger connected to the pump and how basal and bolus doses of the analgesic help relieve pain. Later when the child is sleeping, the nurse observes one of the parents pushing the trigger to deliver a bolus dose of medication. What should the nurse do first?
Review with the parents that the child is still receiving medication even if not pushing the trigger.
Tell the parents to stop pushing the trigger when the child is sleeping.
Notify the primary health-care provider of the parent's behavior.
Increase the dosage of the basal dose.
13. A nurse is admitting a patient to an acute care facility. The nurse should explain to the patient that the most important member of the health-care team is which person?
14. A nurse is designing a teaching plan for a patient who speaks a different language. What is a reliable way for the nurse to facilitate patient understanding of the information?
Have a staff member who is from the same country act as an interpreter.
Provide a pamphlet with pictures to reinforce what is being taught.
Arrange a telephone translation service to be used during the teaching session.
Use a translation book that will aid in the conversion of words.
15. A nurse is assessing the physical status of several patients. Which patient problem should be the nurse's greatest concern?
Tenting of skin
Erythema over the greater trochanter
Body weight inadequate in relation to height
16. A nurse teaches a patient who is lactose intolerant about foods to avoid. Which food eliminated from the diet by the patient indicates an understanding about foods that contain lactose?
17. A nurse is developing a teaching plan for adults who are overweight. What teaching method would be most effective to promote behavioral changes?
Series of lectures
18. A patient is taking furosemide (Lasix) daily because of hypertension. The nurse should teach the patient to consume one or more of which foods daily? Select all that apply.
5. One cup of cooked spinach
One baked potato
Five dried figs
All of the above
19. A nurse is assessing a patient with the diagnosis of dehydration. Which assessment should the nurse document on the patient's record to support this diagnosis?
Bounding radial pulse
Low urine specific gravity
Tenting of skin
20. A primary health-care provider orders total parenteral nutrition for a patient. What should the nurse do when administrating this total parenteral nutrition to the patient?
Remove the solution from the refrigerator 15 minutes before the infusion.
Change the intravenous tubing set every 24 hours.
Assess for placement of the tube in the stomach.
Share the same intravenous tubing set that is being used for medications.