Anatomy and Physiology
Fundamentals of Nursing
Medical Surgical Nursing
Community Health Nursing
Previous Exam Questions
Medical Surgical Nursing Test - 10
Medical Surgical Nursing
Test - 10
1. Which of the following nursing actions would help the patient decrease anxiety during the preoperative period?
Spending time listening to the patient andanswering questions
Encouraging sleep and limitinginterruptions
Explaining all procedures thoroughly inchronological order
Reassuring the patient that the surgicalstaff are competent professiona
2. Which of the following is the primary purpose of maintaining NPO for 6 to 8 hours before surgery?
To prevent malnutrition
To prevent aspiration pneumonia
To prevent intestinal obstruction
To prevent electrolyte imbalance
3. Which of the following is experienced by the patient who is under spinal anesthesia?
The patient experiences amnesia
The patient is unconscious
The patient is awake
The patient experiences total loss of sensation
4. How frequent should the nurse monitor the VS of the patient in the recovery room?
Every 30 mins
Every 15 minutes
Every 45 mins
Every 60 mins
5. The skin is shaved prior to surgery inorder to:
Facilitate skin incision
Indicate the site to be draped
To prevent wound infection
Reduce post op scarring
6. Immediately following spinal anesthesia,the greatest risk is:
7. When the patient vomits, the most important nursing objective is to prevent:
Rupture of suture line
8. Headache after spinal anesthesia is due to:
Loss of CSF through dural hole
Traction placed on structures witin abdomen
Paralysis of vasomotor nerves
Administration of large amounts and heavy concentration of anesthetic agents
9. Nursing measures for post-opthrombophlebitis include the following EXCEPT:
Massage the painful extremities
Elevate affected leg with pillow support
Apply antiembolic stockings
10. Modified radical mastectomy involves
Removal of the entire breast, axillary lymph nodes, pectoralis muscle
Removal of the lump of the breast
Removal of the entire breast, axillary and neck lymph nodes, including pectoralis muscles
Removal of the entire breast but nipple remains intact
11. Which of the following facts best explains why the duodenum is not removed during a subtotal gastrectomy?
The jejunum receives its blood supply through the duodenum
The wall of the jejunum contains no intestinal villi
The head of the pancreas is adherent tothe duodenal wall
The common bile duct empties into the duodenal lumen
12. In regards to the patient in the question above, which of the following options below is a nursing intervention you would provide to this patient?
Place the patient in supine position
Place a non-occlusive dressing over the chest wound
Prepare the patient for a thoracentesis
Place a sterile occlusive dressing over the chest wound and tape it on three sides
13. Which of the following is a LATE sign of the development of a tension pneumothorax?
14. Which statement is CORRECT about a tension pneumothorax?
A tension pneumothorax is a medical emergency and is treated with needle decompression.
Tracheal deviation is an early sign of a tension pneumothorax
An open pneumothorax is the only cause of a tension pneumothorax.
This condition happens when an opening to the intrapleural space creates a two-way valve which causes pressure to build up in the space leading to shifting of the mediastinum.
15. Your patient with asthma is taking Theophylline. Which product below should the patient avoid consuming?
16. Which medication below blocks the function of Leukotriene for the treatment of asthma?
17. The physician orders the patient to start taking Omalizumab. How will you administer this medication as the nurse?
18. A patient received a nebulizer of Albuterol. What is a side effect of this medication?
19. The term" blue bloaters" is used to describe patients with?
Left-sided heart failure
20. A patient with emphysema may present with all of the following symptoms EXCEPT?
Hyperinflation of the lungs